Summer varieties of apple trees
Read the previous part of the article: Apple tree: culture features, an overview of varieties
If you want early apples
Arkad is summer yellow. Advantages: one of the mostwinter hardy
, early maturing and sweet-fruited. There is almost no acid in the fruits. They are very loved by children. The fruits are removed at the end of July. This variety bears fruit early, from 4-6 years. Disadvantages: the tree is vigorous, strongly affected by scab andflower beetle
... The variety is low-yielding, up to 70 kg from one tree, apples are inconspicuous in appearance, not transportable, smallish, weighing about 70 g; their shelf life is very short, up to 10 days. Few are suitable for implementation.
Lingonberry. Advantages: bears fruit from 2-3 years old, natural dwarf, harvestable. The fruits are beautiful, sweet and sour, fragrant, ripen in August. Disadvantages: not resistant to scab, the fruits are small, almost not stored. The tree is spreading, weeping.
Wine. Advantages: a productive variety, the fruits hold firmly, bears fruit regularly, from 5-7 years. Fruits of medium size, juicy, stored until October.
and other diseases. Disadvantages: the tree is vigorous, the fruits of the table taste, sweet and sour, ripens late - at the end of August, when ripe, they crumble.
Grushovka Moscow. Advantages of the variety: fragrant fruits, ripen in mid-August. Fruiting from 5-6 years old, high-yielding variety; trees are durable. Disadvantages: the fruits are smallish, 60-80 g, table taste, sweet and sour, are affected by scab and moth, crumble heavily, do not tolerate transportation, are stored for 2-3 weeks. The variety bears fruit sharply periodically - after a year. Drought resistance is low, the trees are vigorous.
Chinese apple tree
Gold early Chinese. Advantages: the most winter-hardy variety, one of the earliest, the fruits ripen in early August. Fruiting from 3-4 years. The fruits are fragrant. Disadvantages: the apples are very small, 30-40 g, they do not ripen at the same time, they crumble a lot. Table taste, sweet and sour, shelf life 1 week. The variety is affected by scab, the yield is below average.
Korobovka. Advantages: the variety is unpretentious to soils and growing conditions, it is harvestable, the trees are durable. The fruits ripen in early August, they are tasty, sweet, with honey spice, loved by children, they are stored for a month. Disadvantages: apples are very small, 20-40 g, dull in color. This variety bears fruit from 6-8 years, sharply periodically, after a year, yields grow slowly. The tree is vigorous.
Apple variety Iyulskoe Chernenko
July Chernenko. Advantages: fruits of dessert taste, sweet and sour, juicy. The pulp is fine-grained, aromatic. Fruiting is abundant and annual. Fruiting from 4-6 years. Disadvantages: the variety is not resistant to scab. Fruits are not one-dimensional, weighing 80-120 g, ripen not at the same time, at the end of August, heavily crumbled, stored for 2-3 weeks. The tree is vigorous.
Lungwort. Advantages of the variety: large fruits, up to 125 g, tasty, dessert, very sweet, with a honey aroma, beautiful, loved by children, stored for a month. Fruiting from 5-6 years, the yield is average, but annual. The variety is resistant to fungal diseases. Disadvantages: fruits ripen late - at the end of August. The tree is vigorous.
Mironchik. Advantages: the fruits are sweet, ripen in early August. A productive variety. Trees are durable. Disadvantages: apples are small, up to 60 g, easily crumbled, not stored, quickly overripe. The pulp is not very juicy, rough. Not resistant to scab. The tree is vigorous. The variety is gradually ceased to be grown.
Apple variety korobovka
Pouring pink. Advantages: fruits of excellent sweet and sour taste, aromatic, large, weighing 120-150 g, ripen at the end of July, transportable. The pulp is firm. Fruiting from 5-6 years, the yield is high, up to 160 kg. The tree is durable, bears fruit up to 80 years. The variety is drought-resistant. Disadvantages: bears fruit periodically, after a year. The fruits are stored for up to two weeks.
Memory of Lavrik. Advantages: fruits are large, up to 200 g, dessert taste, sweet with a slight sourness, reminiscent of Papirovka, but much tastier than it, stored for up to two months. The yield is even, abundant. Fruiting from 4-5 years. Scab is not affected. It replaces Papirovka and White filling. Disadvantages: the fruits ripen late, at the end of August, crumble with the wind. The crown requires special pruning.
Read the next part: Autumn and winter varieties of apple trees →
Vladimir Starostin, dendrologist,
candidate of agricultural sciences
Photo by the author
Read all parts of the article "What varieties of apple trees to choose for a fruitful and ornamental garden"
• Part 1. Apple tree: culture features, overview of varieties
• Part 2. Summer varieties of apple trees
• Part 3. Autumn and winter varieties of apple trees
• Part 4. Apple tree for garden decoration, decorative varieties
Apple varieties for the Leningrad region
Not all apple trees are able to show their properties in a cold, humid and constantly changing climate. The danger of this region is that the fruits of winter varieties will not have time to ripen in a short summer. Therefore, it is better to choose summer and autumn crops, adding to them zoned varieties (recommended for growing in a certain region) of late ripening.
Given the characteristics, it will be possible to plant crops on the site that are guaranteed to give a rich harvest of high-quality fruits.
Summer varieties of apple trees
Ripening of such fruits occurs in June-August. They are sweeter when compared to later varieties of apples, but their flesh is not firm. It is advisable to use such fruits immediately, because they do not differ in long-term keeping quality - maximum 20 days. In addition, they quickly overripe, so they are not suitable for transportation. They will retain their appearance for a maximum of 30 days after harvest.
The fruits grown in the Leningrad region contain a lot of vitamin C when compared with fruits grown in the south of the country. Ideal for conservation.
Such varieties are frost-resistant, but they are afraid of sudden changes in temperature, which often occurs in the spring.
This variety has been known for a long time and it ripens at the end of summer. The tree has a medium height and a spherical crown. It quickly produces fruits that are round in shape with a ribbed surface. The weight of one apple is 100g.
The peel is smooth white-green with crimson sides. The fruit is sweet and sour, crispy and juicy. Their lack in a short storage period is only 45 days. The tree is frost-resistant and not afraid of scab.
Friendship of Peoples
This variety ripens in late summer and gives a good harvest - 57 kg of fruit can be harvested from one apple tree. The culture is of medium height, begins to bear fruit in 4-5 years after planting. One apple weighs about 100 g. Fruits are round, green with dark red stripes. The pulp is creamy, juicy and sweet and sour.
It is worth choosing it for the reason that even in a rainy summer it does not suffer from the development of scab. Moreover, if there are no pollinators, then the tree will not bear fruit. The apple tree tolerates winter well - it is not afraid of frosts.
The tree of this variety is tall with a rounded and sparse crown. Fruiting in August - the first crop can be harvested 4-5 years after planting. A culture at the age of 15 can produce approximately 120 kg.
The fruits are round, narrowed towards the sepals with a weight of 130-140 g. The peel of apples is dense, yellow-green with stripes of orange or red, and the flesh is white, juicy with a strong aroma. They taste sweet and sour.
Fruits quickly fall off the trees, and their shelf life is short. The culture is not afraid of frost, but at the same time there is one drawback - it often suffers from scab, especially if the summer is wet.
Papirovka (White filling)
The apple tree is undersized, the branches of which are spreading, but slightly drooping, bearing fruit in early summer. The crop is fruitful - from one you can collect 70-100 kg of delicious sweet apples.
The peel of apples is thin, pale yellow, and the flesh is tender and juicy. Ripe fruit weighs about 120-155 g. The crop will not last long and will not withstand long-distance transportation. You need to collect fruits in a timely manner, otherwise they will begin to crack right on the branches.
The culture is frost and scab resistant.
Caramel (Caramel, Candy)
The culture of this variety grows up to 3.5-4 m. The tree gives the first harvest at the age of 4-5 years. From one apple tree, you can collect 28-53 kg of apples and about 100 kg per season. One fruit weighs 115-132 g. Fruiting occurs at the end of summer.
The pulp of the fruit is creamy, sweet, “wrapped” in a red peel with a caramel sheen, on which you can still see stripes of yellow color. The variety got its name due to its caramel-honey taste. Delicious juice is obtained from it.
The culture is resistant to frost, but it often suffers from scab, which can destroy it.
Autumn varieties of apple trees
The fruits of autumn varieties ripen in September. After harvesting, it is better to withstand 1.5-3 weeks and only then use it, but you can eat it directly from the tree. Their storage period lasts until December. The main difference between such apples is:
- larger sizes
- bright skin
- ripening times
- the storage period is about 75-90 days.
In addition, they can be used to make jams, preserves, marmalades, compotes, etc.
A tree of this variety with a wide pyramid-shaped crown can grow up to 3-4 m. Apples ripen in early winter and reach a weight of 120 g. They are round with a slight taper towards the sepals. The rind of the fruit is green-yellow, but after full ripening, a bright pink tint appears on them. Aelita's flesh is light yellow, juicy with a weak aroma and sweet and sour taste.
The variety gives a rich harvest within 4-5 years after planting the seedling, northern winters are not terrible for him, as well as such a disease as scab. 14 days after picking the fruits, they become richly sweet. You can store apples until the New Year.
Ripening of the variety occurs in September. The culture reaches a height of 6 m, and its crown is spreading, reverse pyramidal and 4 m wide. The fruits outwardly resemble a turnip with a slight waxy bloom. One apple weighs 120 g.
The rind of the fruit is yellow-white, but as it ripens, pink stripes appear on it. The pulp is juicy, dense with a sweet and sour taste. The fruits tolerate winter well in the Leningrad region, while yielding a rich harvest every year.
This variety ripens in autumn and has good resistance to winter conditions, but if the summer is rainy, the plant will suffer from scab. But even if the branches are damaged during frosts, they will quickly recover. The tree grows short, but its crown is spreading.
Fruits are small, weighing 85 g. Their shape is oval with dark red peel and stripes. The pulp is creamy, juicy with a wine-sweet taste. Storage is possible throughout the winter.
This variety is one of the new ones that was bred in 1982, but only got on the register almost two decades later. Despite this, gardeners from the Leningrad region have already fallen in love with him.
The tree is short with a ball-shaped crown, which is easy to care for. The apples are slightly ribbed, almost half-colored with stripes of a violet-red hue. The pulp is white and juicy, ideal for making desserts and drinks.
The first crop can be harvested from a four-year tree in September. Each year, one plant produces 100 kg of fruit, if properly cared for. The culture is frost and scab resistant.
Before planting this variety, you need to allocate enough space for it on the site, because the tree is tall with a spreading crown. It will give the first harvest no earlier than 5-6 years after planting the seedling. But it will bear fruit for a long time.
In the Leningrad Region, the golden Antonovka ripens in autumn. The fruits are round, golden in color, sweet, weighing 250 g. It is not afraid of winter and rarely suffers from scab. If you carry out shaping pruning on schedule, the quality of the variety will only improve.
The trees of this variety are low, the crown is slightly thickened, so it is easy to care for them. The fruit has a slightly flattened shape, and they weigh 130-140 g. The color of the peel is light yellow with a dark red blush, which covers almost the entire fruit. The taste of apples is interesting: both dessert and sweet and sour.
You can collect them in the first month of autumn and immediately send them to storage. They will calmly continue until March. The first fruits will appear on a five-year-old tree, which will produce a consistent and rich harvest. This became possible thanks to adaptation to a special climate. But at high humidity, it will suffer from scab.
The trees are of medium height and a sparse spreading crown. The apples are round, slightly ribbed, large - one fruit weighs 280 g. The peel is greenish-yellow with blurred streaks of red on the side facing the sun.
The pulp is white, juicy, tender with a sweet and sour taste. The crop can be harvested in the first ten days of September, but the shelf life is short - 2 months. Trees are resistant to scab, but in winter they can freeze.
Winter apple trees
The main difference between these varieties is long-term storage, about 6 months, without losing their original appearance and nutritional value. Even their aroma is strong and does not change over time. Trees are resistant to temperature changes.
Winter fruits should not be eaten right away, because the pleasure of sour apples with a thick and hard skin cannot be obtained. They must lie down to improve their taste. Only in this case will the taste and aroma of the fruit be revealed. To do this, they must be stored at a certain temperature and humidity level. As a result, the peel will become the desired color, the acid content will be reduced, and the starch will turn into glucose. As a result, the apple will become beautiful, juicy and sweet.
The tree grows medium with a spreading middle crown, which has a wide-pyramidal shape that is easy to cut. The apples are smaller than average, but if you regularly remove the extra branches, they will grow larger. They are round, yellow in color, but there is a red blush throughout the fruit at the end of the growing season.
The pulp is juicy with a sweet and sour taste. In September, they ripen and stay until March. Fruiting begins early. They are resistant to winter conditions, scab is not terrible. The yield per crop is average.
This variety does not fully ripen in a short summer, but the keeping period is long - until April. The trees are not tall with a wide cone-shaped crown. The disadvantage of culture is that if in winter there are temperature drops from frost to thaw, it can die, and in summer it can suffer from fungal diseases.
The first harvest, and at the same time good, the Tellisaare apple tree will give 4 years of growth. Fruits are small, they weigh no more than 120 g. The peel is yellow, more with a lemon shade, buttery, thick and shiny. You can understand that apples are ripe by their appearance - a slightly pink blush appears on them. The pulp is juicy with a strong aroma.
The tree of this variety is vigorous, but if you constantly look after it and cut it regularly, the crown will become oval, and the apples will become beautiful and large - up to 200 g. Moscow late is advantageous to plant in the Leningrad region due to its resistance to scab and winter conditions.
You need to collect it at the end of September and you can use it right away or wait. Their taste will not change until May. During storage, the peel changes its color from green-yellow to golden. The first fruits can be collected no earlier than 6 years after planting the seedling on the site.
Gardeners choose this variety for a reason. It gained its popularity due to its resistance to temperature changes and a stable annual yield of 50 kg per plant.Apples ripen in medium terms, and a tree with a height of 2.5 m is compact, and its crown lends itself to molding, so it does not need a lot of space.
The peel of the fruit is red with a slight blush. One fruit weighs about 200 g. The fruiting period begins when the crop reaches two to three years of age. Basically, the owners of garden plots start harvesting in early or mid-autumn.
By the age of 15, the trees of this variety reach 5 m in height with a crown in the form of a ball and a width of 5.5 m. The leaves are medium-sized, glossy, green. The culture bears fruit every year for 60-170 kg from one specimen, but it will give the first harvest only after 7-8 years, which can be harvested in early or mid-October.
Apples are medium to slightly oversized and regular in shape. The weight of one fruit reaches 200 g. The skin is not hard, but dense, yellow-green in color with a red blush on the side that is most facing the sun. The pulp is white, firm and sweet and sour.
The tree is frost-resistant and hardly suffers from scab. If the proper conditions are provided, the harvest will last up to 235 days.
There are many varieties of apple trees intended for the Leningrad Region. They differ in the height of the tree, the amount of harvest, the time of its harvest, the taste and color of the fruit, as well as keeping quality. The main thing is to choose the most suitable variety and provide it with proper care so that the culture bears fruit and does not get sick.
Summer varieties of apples
Apple variety Aboriginal
Zoned in the Far East region. The tree is medium-sized. The apples are round-flat, small or less than the average size - the average weight of the fruit is 40-60 g, golden yellow with a striped blush. The fruits are harvested in the second half of August. The pulp is juicy, fine-grained, with a pleasant wine-sweet taste. Keeping quality 3 weeks. Winter-hardy variety.
Apple variety Alyonushka
Late summer variety, obtained by crossing the varieties Aaletino and Breading. Zoned in the West Siberian and East Siberian regions. The tree is medium-sized. Fruits are small (weighing up to 35 g), spherical-flattened, greenish-yellow with a blurred dashed pinkish-red blush. The pulp is juicy, sour-sweet. The fruits are harvested in the second decade of August. Keeping quality - until October. The variety has a high winter hardiness. Disadvantages: it is affected by scab, in dry summers it needs irrigation.
Apple variety Altai dove
The variety is obtained by crossing the Purple Renetka with the Saffron Pepin. Medium-sized tree, rounded crown. Fruiting is regular, occurs in the 3-4th year. Fruits are small (average fruit weight 26 g, maximum - 30 g) flat-rounded with a purple blush with a bluish bloom. The pulp is yellow, sweet and sour. The yield is high: the average yield is 100 kg per tree (maximum 200 kg). Keeping quality - until December. The variety is scab resistant and winter-hardy.
Apple variety Altai ruddy
Obtained by crossing the varieties Severyanka, Melba, Belfleur-Kitayka. Zoned in the Ural, West Siberian and Far Eastern regions. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is round, wide. Fruiting occurs in the 4th-5th year, then - annual. Fruits are small (weighing up to 50 g), flat-round, yellow with a dark red dashed blush, the flesh is juicy, yellow, sweet and sour. Productivity 45-50 kg per tree. The shelf life of fruits is 1-1.5 months (in the refrigerator). High transportability. The variety is resistant to scab damage, winter hardy.
Ambassi apple variety
A French variety that is a variation of the Delbarestivali variety, but improved in terms of extending the shelf life of apples. In cool conditions, they are usable for 3 months. Large fruits weighing up to 200 grams. are yellow-red in color and ripen at the end of August. Like all varieties of Delbarestivali Ambassi apples are very tasty, fragrant with a slight sourness in taste. The pulp is crispy, dense, juicy. The variety is fast-growing, gives high yields, but periodic fruiting (after a year), apple trees are very winter-hardy. The Ambassi apple tree is resistant to fungal diseases, but infection with a bacterial burn is possible. Ambassi tolerates transportation well, keeping quality of fruits is good.
Apple variety Arkad summer yellow
An old variety of unknown origin. The trees are vigorous, the crown is round, sparse. Fruiting occurs in the 5-6th year, then - annually. Fruits of medium size, truncated-conical, ripe light yellow flesh is white with a yellowish tinge, juicy, sweet-freshish. Productivity up to 60 kg per tree. Advantages of the variety: very high winter hardiness, early ripening of fruits. Disadvantages: low yield, instability to scab, low keeping quality (7-10 days).
Apple variety White filling
Fruits are medium (often small), round-conical or ovoid, greenish-light yellow with thin skin. Bears fruit profusely, but occasionally. Average frost resistance. The beginning of fruiting depends on the rootstock: on dwarf ones - for the 2-3rd year, on vigorous ones - for the 5-6th year.
Apple variety Bellefleur-Kitayka
The tree is tall, with a rounded or broadly rounded crown. Begins to bear fruit in the 5-6th year after planting. Fruiting - on the twigs and ends of the growths of the last year. Apples are large or very large (up to 800 g), round-oval, slightly ribbed, young, light green, ripe - pink with pink-red stripes. The pulp is juicy, dense, snow-white, fine-grained, sweet and sour with a pleasant aftertaste. The yield is high. Fruit transportability is good. Keeping quality until mid-November. Disadvantage - the variety is not resistant to scab and powdery mildew.
Borovinka apple variety
The fruits are flat-round, covered with a striped blush, the flesh is yellowish, sweet and sour. Ripening is uneven. Begins to bear fruit in the 5-6th year after planting. This variety has been removed from industrial zoning in the Russian Federation due to the high crumbling and short keeping quality of the fruits, but in summer cottages it is quite common there.
Apple variety Grushovka early
The tree is very large, which makes it difficult to grow an early pear tree in small areas.
Fruits are medium-sized, flat-round, weighing 50-60 g, greenish-yellowish with a pink blush, they do not ripen at the same time, they can be used for a long time directly from the tree. The pulp is juicy, refreshing sweet and sour pleasant taste. A winter-hardy variety, interesting in that the pear tree is suitable for growing in conditions unfavorable for horticulture. Disadvantage - the fruits are stored for no more than two weeks.
Apple variety Grushovka Revelskaya
The Baltic is a typical summer variety, zoned in the North-West region. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is pyramidal. Fruiting on ringlets. Begins to bear fruit regularly in the 6th year. Fruits are medium (weight 90-100 g), flat-spherical or truncated-conical, pale yellow with a carmine-red blush on most of the fruit and a dull bloom. The pulp is juicy, soft, sweet. Productivity 200 kg per tree. Very winter hardy variety. Disadvantages: it is affected by scab, poor transportability, keeping quality no more than two weeks.
Apple variety Grushovka Moscow
A variety of folk selection. It is cultivated in the North, North-West, Central, Volga-Vyatka, Middle-Volga, Ural, West Siberian and East Siberian regions. It is very similar to the early pear tree, but the size of the fruit is slightly smaller (weight 40-50 g). The pulp is juicy, tender, sweet and sour (with a predominance of sourness), aromatic. Fruiting on ringlets from 5-6 years of age. Productivity is 120 kg per tree. Disadvantages: poorly resistant to fungal diseases, fruits when ripening strongly crumble transportability is low, keeping quality is 2 weeks.
Apple variety Daughter Breading
The variety is obtained by crossing the varieties Anis scarlet and Breading. Zoned in the Middle Volga and Ural regions. The tree is vigorous, the crown is broadly round or broadly pyramidal. Fruiting occurs 3-4 years after planting. The apples are medium (weight 80 g), round, with inconspicuous ribs, greenish-yellow with dots. The pulp is tender, sweet and sour. The yield is regular and high. Disadvantages: low transportability, low keeping quality.
Apple variety Friendship of peoples
The variety is obtained by crossing the varieties Antonovka ordinary and Pepin saffron. Zoned for central Russia. The tree is vigorous, the crown is rounded and spreading. Bears fruit on spears and ringlets. We need pollinators (the best are Melba and Breading). Fruiting occurs in the 5-6th year, then - annual. Apples are medium and larger than average (weight 130-150 g), round, light yellow with a dark red blurred blush over the entire surface. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour with a light aroma, dessert taste. Productivity is about 110 kg per tree. Scab resistance and winter hardiness are high.
Apple variety Dubrovinka
The variety is obtained as a result of crossing the varieties Renetka purple and Borovinka. Zoned across the East Siberian region. The tree is tall, the bark on the trunk and main branches is yellowish-brown, smooth, young shoots are pubescent, burgundy. Begins to bear fruit in the 4th year. Fruits are small (weight 22 g), flat-round, slightly oblique yellowish-pink with blush and small gray subcutaneous dots, slightly rusty. The pulp is pink with red blotches, juicy, sweet and sour, weak aroma, good taste. The average yield is 95 kg per tree. Winter hardiness is high. Disease resistant.
Apple variety Sugar yellow
Zoned in the North-West region. The tree is vigorous, the crown is round. It begins to bear fruit in the 4th-5th year, then annually, without periodicity, it bears fruit mainly on kolchatka. Fruits are of medium size (weight about 100 g), round-conical, yellow with a bright red speckled-striped blush. The pulp is yellowish, sweet and sour, the taste is good. Keeping fruit up to December. Transportability is good. The variety is scab resistant. Winter hardiness is high. The disadvantage is high fruit crumbling.
Apple variety Pearl
The cultivar is obtained by crossing the cultivars Welsey and Signe Tilline. Zoned in the Tambov region * The tree is high, the crown is round and dense. Begins to bear fruit in the 3-4th year, then fruiting annually - on all fruit formations. The fruits are large (average weight 180 g), rounded with ribbing, light green with a bright pearlescent sheen. The pulp is white, sweet and sour dessert taste, aromatic. Productivity is more than 100 kg per tree. The fruits are stored for a month. The variety is resistant to scab damage. Average winter hardiness. Poor transportability.
Apple variety Zaryanka
The variety is obtained by crossing the varieties Cinnamon striped and Shampanren-Kitayka. The most widespread in Tatarstan. The crown is round. Begins to bear fruit in the 5th year. Fruits are medium (weight 80-120 g), round, slightly flattened, light cream with red stripes and a blurred blush. The pulp is white, juicy, sweet and sour, aromatic. Productivity 80-100 kg per tree. Keeping quality of fruits 45-60 days. The variety is not winter-hardy enough, but it recovers very well after freezing. Insufficiently resistant to scab (especially in wet summers).
Apple variety Iyulskoe Chernenko
Fruits with a continuous dark raspberry blush and a gray waxy bloom, fragrant, sour-sweet taste. Begins to bear fruit in the 3-4th year. Very winter hardy variety.
Close apple variety
A variety of American selection with a very early ripening period - late June, early July. Elegant green fruits with a red ruddy barrel weigh up to 150g. and white, juicy pulp with sourness and wine flavor. Apples are of high presentation and good transportability. The variety has medium resistance to fungal diseases and medium winter resistance. Trees begin to bear fruit from the age of 5.
Apple variety Candy
The variety was obtained as a result of crossing the varieties Papirovka and Korobovka. The most widespread is in the Central region of Russia. The tree is vigorous, the crown is round, dense. Begins to bear fruit in the 3-4th year, with age in fruiting appears periodicity. Fruits are medium-sized (average weight 70 g), flat-rounded or slightly conical, light yellow with a brown-red blush with red strokes, which can cover up to half of the entire surface. The pulp is white, sweet with a slight sourness, the taste is recognized as very good. The yield is high. Fruit transportability is good. Keeping life 15-20 days. Winter hardiness and scab resistance are average.
Apple variety Summer tender
The variety was obtained by crossing the Dream and Dessertnoe Isaeva varieties. The crown is rounded pyramidal, slightly spreading. Begins to bear fruit in the 4th-5th year on all fruit formations. Fruits are large (weight 160 g), rounded-conical with ribbing, yellowish-green with extensive (on most of the fruit surface) blush in the form of red narrow intermittent stripes and stripes. The pulp is sweet and sour with a caramel flavor, aromatic. The yield is high. The variety is scab resistant.
Mantet apple variety
Variety of Canadian selection. Zoned in many regions of Russia. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is broad-pyramidal. Begins to bear fruit in the 4th-5th year, then - periodically, although the fruiting is mixed, the fruits are formed mainly on the ringlets. Fruits are medium and large (weight, depending on growing conditions, ranges from 100 to 533 g), rounded-conical, slightly oblong, greenish-yellow with an extensive (on most of the fruit) bright red striped blush. The pulp is creamy, pink closer to the skin, tender, very juicy, sour-sweet, aromatic. The yield is good. Keeping quality of fruits is about a month, transportability is low The cultivar is scab resistant, but not powdery mildew resistant. Winter hardiness is high.
Melba apple variety
The variety obtained by Canadian breeders at the Ottawa Experimental Station from the Mekintosh seedling is zoned in all regions of Ukraine, except for Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv, Sumy, Ternopil, Kharkov and Chernigov in Russia - in 9 regions (mostly as an autumn variety), in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Lithuania and Moldova. On dwarf rootstocks it bears fruit in the 2nd to 4th year, on tall stocks in the 4th to 5th. Fruits from medium size (93-125 g) to large (up to 300 g), greenish-yellow with a striped carmine blush on most of the fruit, round or rounded-conical, tartaric taste, reminiscent of the taste of Mekintosh. Advantages: early maturity, yield and winter hardiness; high palatability of fruits. Disadvantages: the fruits require careful handling during picking (weakly stick to the tree), often beat when dropped and are unsuitable for long-distance transportation, the variety is often affected by scab, which makes it difficult to cultivate it in areas with a humid climate (for example, in the western regions of Ukraine).
Apple variety Papirovka
It is considered one of the best summer varieties. Fruits are medium-sized, green-yellow, sour-sweet, firmly adhered to the tree. Begins to bear fruit in the 4th year after planting. Winter-hardy variety.
Apple variety Stark Erliest
The variety has medium-sized fruits, weighing up to 120 grams. and a slightly flattened shape. The red fruits are sweet and sour in taste and quite juicy. Apples are harvested in July, their shelf life is within a month. Fruiting in trees is periodic. Harvests begin to take off from 4 years after planting. By the age of 10, the yield reaches 90 kg per tree. The frost resistance of trees is average, the resistance to scab and fruit rot is low. Resistance to powdery mildew and brown spot is high.
Celeste apple variety
The cultivar is an improved clone of Delbarestival. In taste, it is inferior to the main variety, but the shelf life of the fruits is increased to 3.5 months. Ripening of apples begins in the second half of August and is extended in time, harvesting is carried out as the fruits ripen. Pale yellow apples with red stripes-strokes weigh up to 200g, juicy and sweet and sour to taste. The variety is valued for its good presentation of the fruit, high resistance to fungal diseases and high winter hardiness. yandex
9 summer varieties of apple trees - which are tastier, summer and late summer
Summer apple trees are called because of their ripening period. All of them are subdivided into: early summer, ripening in the first half of July, summer - harvesting between July 15 and August 10, late summer - after August 15-16. These types of plants are distinguished by high frost resistance and tolerate cold better than their autumn or winter counterparts. However, spring frosts are dangerous for summer apples, in which a significant part of the buds perishes. It should be borne in mind which seasonal group the tree belongs to. Summer and autumn plants should not be planted - pollination occurs and varietal characteristics deteriorate. But their proximity to winter specimens is quite acceptable. In this article, we will look at common apple varieties for summer, as well as the most popular representatives.
Description of variety categories
According to the ripening period, all varieties can be attributed to one of three categories:
Summer apples begin to ripen around mid-July. Basically, the taste is both sour and sweet-sour or sweet, juicy.
Such fruits are almost impossible to transport, as they tend to overripe very quickly.
Autumn apple varieties will ripen in early September. A distinctive feature of such fruits is the skin of bright colors and large size.
The advantages of autumn varieties include a long storage time - apples can be stored for up to 3 months at room temperature.
Apple variety: Autumn joy
Winter apple varieties have long shelf life, about six months.
- They are late, they are harvested in the middle or at the end of October.
- Such fruits ripen during storage.
- A characteristic feature of winter apple varieties is the hardness of the fruit, because they contain a large amount of starch and protopectin, which increase the weight of the apple and affect the pigmentation of the skin.
Winter apples are sour, have the largest sizes, due to their hardness and thick skin, they are easily transportable.
After the classification of fruit species is systematized by seasons, it is easier to choose the best apple varieties that suit you in all their parameters.
Summer varieties are ideal because of their short keeping capacity for making juice or jam.
Probably the most popular summer variety is white filling.
- The fruits are incredibly tasty, mostly medium-sized, green, with a whitish tint.
- White filling ripens at the end of June.
- The advantage of this variety is that fungal diseases do not affect it.
Known for its incredible juiciness and sweet and sour taste.
Melba apples also have medium-sized fruits. Their shape is round. The apples are mostly green, decorated with red stripes. The fruit is juicy, ripens by the end of August.
The stark-erlist variety bears fruit with large apples, which can be safely picked in early July. The fruits are bright red, with scarlet stripes along the vertical. The pulp is firm, not very juicy, sometimes it is a crust. Stark-erlist apples can be stored for no more than two weeks.
Summer saffron apples, although small in size, have an incredibly sweet taste. You can harvest saffron by mid-August. The apple is round in shape, has a red blush, which is full of orange stripes.
The advantage of the autumn varieties is the large apples, sweeter flavor notes, and, of course, very bright colors, as well as a long shelf life.
Variety Antonovka has fruits of average or slightly more than average size, round, slightly resembling a cone in shape.
- The color of apples is green, but with good ripening they turn greenish-golden.
- Antonovka has ivory-colored flesh - slightly yellowish.
- Apples of the Antonovka variety are sour, they are characterized by excess juiciness.
- One of the reasons for the extraordinary popularity of Antonovka apples is an unimaginably beautiful aroma that is felt immediately with the smallest damage to the skin.
In addition, Antonovka has several "subspecies", the most famous of which is the bogatyr apple.
The bogatyr was obtained by crossing the Antonovka and Renet varieties, which is why the fruits turned out to be really large.
- In a way, the hero can be attributed to the winter varieties, since, unlike the Antonovka apple, it is harvested almost at the end of summer, and such a fruit can be stored for about 9-10 months.
- The hero tastes less juicy, but more powdery. The pulp is white, sweet and sour and very aromatic.
- The bogatyr variety is ideal for making jam, soufflé or marshmallow.
- The skin color of the fruit is green, but turns yellow when ripe.
Due to prolonged exposure to the sun on an apple, it can develop a pink "tan". Sometimes the hero fruit can be strewn with very small whitish or light green stripes.
Apple variety Antonovka Sweet
The Semerenko variety got its name thanks to one of the great gardeners of his time - Platon Semerenko, who, in fact, bred it.
- Semerenko is of medium size, large specimens are rarely found.
- The fruit is rounded, slightly cone-like, but lacking symmetry as such.
- Semerenko apples are green, in places white, as if covered with a veil. May have light pink subcutaneous dots.
Semerenko pulp is pure white, too juicy and very sweet, sometimes it can be a little sugary.
Perhaps the most unusual apple is the pink pearl variety.
Their uniqueness lies in the fact that the Surprise variety with red pulp was used for breeding, and as a result, a completely new fruit was obtained - with a light green skin on which pink stripes form, and with a delicate pink pulp.
Pink pearl apples are a little loose and tart, which tastes like grapefruit.
It is good to consume pink pearls during your diet, as they are the lowest calorie apples, but with the highest water content.
The popular winter varieties include, of course, sinap, golden, richard.
The most exotic variety is Sinap.
- Previously, synap was very common in Crimea, but, unfortunately, it was supplanted and replaced by more traditional varieties, since synap begins to bear fruit at about 10 years of age.
- The apples are very tasty, medium-sized, oblong in shape.
- Sinup can be both green and red, depending on the color, it has darker specks under the skin.
The pulp is yellow, very juicy. Sweeter varieties than synap are worth looking for.
The most common winter variety is golden.
- Golden cone-shaped, elongated, bright yellow fruits.
- When exposed to sunlight for a long time, it may have a pink blush.
- A characteristic feature of golden is brown or red dots-comrades.
- The flesh is golden, loose, firm, light coffee color.
Golden apples taste sweet and sour, juicy. It is recommended to use such fruits exclusively fresh.
The apples of the richard variety are large.
- Their shape is also conical, elongated, asymmetric.
- The Richard variety has a deep red color, in places with scarlet stripes.
- The pulp is beige, juicy, with a wonderful smell.
- These apples taste more sour than sweet. Such fruits are harvested by the end of October.
You will learn more about apple varieties from the video.
Every year the number of new varieties of apple trees increases significantly. Modern selection of apple trees, like other crops, is aimed at obtaining new forms with increased resistance to various negative environmental factors - temperature fluctuations (especially in the winter period), drought, various diseases and pests.
The main problem that haunted both agronomists and breeders in the process of growing an apple tree and obtaining high yields was scab - a disease caused by a fungus Venturia inaequalis... Until the beginning of the 20th century, it practically did not exert its negative influence on the plantations of apple trees, since they were scattered and were found mainly on separate land plots.
With the advent of industrial plantations of apple trees, occupying large areas and numbering thousands of trees, scab began to spread rapidly, affecting almost all plants. After the harvest, the damaged and externally spoiled fruits did not have a normal presentation and could not be sold, which significantly worsened the situation of both large farms and farmers, and amateur gardeners, who put a lot of effort and hope in growing a decent harvest.
The way out was to develop new varieties of apple trees, which had the main feature - genetic resistance to scab, that is, complete immunity to this disease and, as a result, the absence of the need for fungicide treatments of plantings against the causative agent of this disease. Thanks to the excellent work of scientists, their work was crowned with incredible success. Gardeners have a unique opportunity to grow immune varieties of apple trees that are not afraid of scab.
At the moment, through the efforts of leading breeders around the world, there are many immune apple varieties that can grow in a variety of natural and climatic conditions. Among them there are varieties, the fruits of which are intended for quick consumption, without the possibility of their long-term storage, while others can be stored if conditions are met for a sufficiently long time - until the new harvest.
According to the ripening period of the fruit and their suitability for consumption, all varieties are divided into:
- summer (summer ripening period)
- autumn (autumn ripening period)
- winter (winter ripening period).
There is also a certain division of varieties into categories depending on biological characteristics - the height of the tree, the volume of its crown, size, color, smell, taste and structure of the fruit. Next, we will consider the groups of apple varieties immune to scab, based on the ripening period of their fruits.
Winter apple varieties immune to scabphoto: pixabay.com
This category is the most extensive and voluminous. It has a significant number of varieties that are distinguished by excellent resistance to diseases and adverse environmental conditions, especially high winter hardiness.
These varieties - both new and still little-known, and well-proven and well-recognized - are able to please all gardeners and simply lovers with juicy apples with an attractive appearance, dense pulp, rich biochemical composition and, most importantly, a long shelf life.
The apple variety Aphrodite has a complex of positive properties that fully satisfies most of the wishes of gardeners:
- Winter hardy.
- Early winter.
- The tree is fast-growing, rather large, with a voluminous crown.
- The fruits are medium in size, the skin is pink-green in color, the flesh is white with pink veins, the taste is sweet and sour.
The variety is quite easy to grow and does not require a significant investment of time and money for its care. The fruits are stored until the beginning of the winter season.
Venyaminovskoe is one of the well-known winter varieties of apple trees with increased winter hardiness.
- High winter hardiness.
- The tree is large, grows quickly, forms a sparse rounded crown.
- Fruits are medium in size, conical in shape.
- Skin color - green-yellow, integumentary color - on most of the surface of the fruit in the form of a raspberry blush.
- The color of the pulp is greenish-white.
- Taste - dessert, sweet and sour.
Despite the sparse branches, the apple tree bears fruit quite well. Juicy and dense fruits have an attractive appearance.
The Belarusian apple variety, immune to scab, has a complex of positive characteristics:
- Trees of medium vigor with a compact, rounded crown.
- High productivity.
- Increased frost resistance.
- Large fruits (up to 200 g), rounded, with noticeable ribbing.
- The cover color occupies almost the entire surface of the apple in the form of a blurred dark red blush with a rich purple tint.
- The fruits are juicy, with a delicate crunchy greenish-creamy flesh and a sweet and sour taste.
In an ordinary cellar, apples of this variety can be stored until the end of April, and in a refrigerator - until the end of May - early June.
A well-known and widespread triploid variety of winter-ripening apple trees. Possesses a complex of valuable commodity and consumer qualities:
- The trees are medium-sized with a wide-pyramidal crown.
- High productivity.
- Increased winter hardiness.
- Scab immunity.
- Fruits of medium size, flattened, beautiful appearance - greenish skin, integumentary color in the form of a blurred red blush and cherry-colored specks.
- The pulp is creamy in color, dense and tender structure, very juicy, weak aroma and sweet and sour dessert taste.
The variety is fast-growing and high-yielding, and young trees quickly grow their crown. These qualities will appeal to any gardener who dreams of choosing a worthy variety for his site.
A winter variety with a lot of positive characteristics, including:
- High winter hardiness.
- Large, regular-shaped fruits with an elegant integumentary color in the form of stripes, merging into a solid red blush.
- Fine-grained dense pulp.
- The taste is sweet and sour.
- The term of use is until the beginning of spring.
The tree is of medium size, the crown is of medium density, rounded, slightly elongated. The undoubted advantages of the variety are early maturity, regularity of fruiting, attractive appearance of the fruits and, of course, resistance to diseases.