National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise
NATIONAL PARK OF ABRUZZO, LAZIO AND MOLISE
The Abruzzo National Park was born after a very short time from that of the Gran Paradiso, in 1921, on the initiative of a private association, the Pro Montibus and Silvis, which had understood the exceptional naturalistic value of the Abruzzo mountains, had seen the birth of its first protected nucleus of about 500 hectares in the Camosciara area; in 1922 the Autonomous Body of the Abruzzo National Park was established, which extended the protected area to 12,000 hectares.
With Royal Decree No. 257 of 11 January 1923, the park was officially established and its surface, on several occasions, expanded to the current one of 44,000 hectares + 60,000 of external protection. The territory of the park is predominantly public property ( State and Municipal Property).
The Park extends in the regions of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise and in the provinces of L'Aquila, Frosinone, Isernia.
Its management is entrusted to the Autonomous National Park of Abruzzo. The park has an internal zoning that divides its territory into four zones (A, B, C, D), corresponding to those provided for by the national framework law and which graduate the possibilities of use and transformation of the territory.
The park is divided into the following areas: area A, an integral reserve; zone B, general reserve; protection zone C; development zone D It is mainly intended for the protection of the geological and speleological formations peculiar to the region as well as the original flora and fauna; in particular, of the bear (Ursus arctos marsicanus) and chamois (Rupicapra ornata) of Abruzzo.
The National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise covers an area of about 50,000 hectares, in an area of the Central Apennines where the three regions that characterize its name meet. Imposing ridges of the Apennine chain (Monte Cornacchia, Monte Serrone, Serra del Re, Serra delle Gravare and Montagna Grande, Monte Marsicano) rise to the north, from the ancient Fucino basin, and seem to merge, in correspondence with the Camosciara, into a single mountain range that , having reached the altimetric peak of Monte Petroso (2,249 m), it continues towards south-east until it ends with the Mainarde, creating, with buttresses and valley incisions or small flat basins of glacial origin or modeled by the Sangro river and its tributaries, a varied, articulated and complex mountain system.
The rocks that form the reliefs of the Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park consist mainly of sediments deposited in a portion of the sea of the Tethys which, in the Mesozoic era, separated the Eurasian continent from the African continent. In this vast sea the sediments that came from the dismantling of the continents and the carbonate deposits produced by biological activity accumulated.
Transformation processes in rocks sediments, tectonic movements, erosion, glacial phenomena and karst phenomena, due to the carbonate nature of the rocks, then shaped these mountains which, with rounded and slightly sloping slopes, alternate imposing sub-vertical walls.
The Camosciara amphitheater stands out for its majesty where, together with the carbonate rocks, the dolomites which give this corner of the Apennines a decidedly "alpine" aspect.
Established since 1921 with a private initiative, on just 100 hectares of the highest peaks of the Camosciara, it has been officially recognized by state law in 1923, initially with the name of Abruzzo National Park and therefore, in 2001, with the current name, also due to its extensions that have affected the mountain range that acts as a watershed between Lazio is Molise. To its current approximately 50,000 hectares of real protected area, there is an external belt, extending over 70,000 hectares, which surrounds it and for which restrictive rules for hunting are mostly applied.
It is an inhabited park: villages and small villages with a medieval layout, or at times very recent for post-earthquake settlements or for tourist development, are scattered, lying on hollows or perched on mountain promontories, both within the protected area and, more often, on its edge , in the external protection strip or Contiguous Area.
The driving economic activity of the central area of the Park (Alto Sangro) is undoubtedly the tourist one, with increasing attention to combining conservation and development, while it is easy to find remains of agricultural and livestock activities on the Lazio and Molise slopes, thanks even at more favorable environmental conditions.
Photo by Francesco Lemma View on the top of Monte Petroso - Photo by Francesco Lemma Photo by Francesco Lemma Photo by Francesco Lemma Photo by Francesco Lemma Photo by Francesco Lemma Photo by Francesco Lemma Photo by Francesco Lemma Photo by Francesco Lemma The natural amphitheater of Camosciara - Photo by Valentino Mastrella Summit of Monte Amaro di Opi - Photo by Francesco Lemma The village of Opi in autumn - Photo by Francesco Lemma
Barrea - Lago Vivo (1591 m)
- Departure: Location Fonte Sambuco (K6) at Km. 67 of the SS.83
- Travel time: 5 hours a / r
- Difficulty: E - Hiking
- Difference in altitude: 460 m
From the inhabited center of Barrea, head towards Alfedena on the SS.83 up to Km. 67.
At the height of a hairpin bend, on the right, take a cart track for about 700 m up to a deviation on the left for the K4 trail that crosses the beech forest of the Valle dell'Inferno in constant ascent and crosses the moraine of an old glacier. In 40 minutes you arrive at the Valico del Buon Passo with an effigy of the Madonna delle Grazie put to protect travelers. You will soon reach the highest point of the route (1656 m) and then go back down to the wonderful basin where the splendid Lago Vivo is set at 1591 m. dominated by the peaks of the Iamiccio, the Tartaro, the Altare and the Petroso, which with its 2249 m represents the highest peak of the Park.
The lake in spring with the melting of the snow reaches its maximum level, the name "alive" derives from the fact that the lake continuously changes its size according to the seasons. In late autumn, its banks are frequented by deer that face each other in the mating season. At the left edge of the plateau the "bird source" guarantees water all year round. The path continues and allows you to return through a splendid beech forest, with a pleasant view of the Montagna Spaccata lake.
Nature and well-being. Hospitality and entertainment
The National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise is famous in Italy, and a little around the world as a model for the conservation of nature and the defense of the environment. In the last 20 years the park has been able to develop harmoniously thanks to the "zoning" of the territory, which has made it possible to integrate conservation and development and to an agreement with the municipalities of the park to overcome urban planning problems. The visits to the park are controlled and selected, and there are many achievements to continue making this park more and more modern and efficient.
Abruzzo National Park - Hike
Val di Rose to Forca Resuni Refuge
A gentle, waymarked three-hour walk, this popular trail runs through glorious, goat- and deer-dotted forested countryside.
Monte Amaro route
The climb to this peak (2793m), just outside the park, takes 2¼ hours and offers soul-stirring views over the woodlands and gullies of Valle di Sangro, and a strong possibility of spotting chamois.
Monte Tranquillo and the Rocca Ridge
This route up Monte Tranquillo (1658m) is around a 2½-hour walk, and from here
you can continue north along the challenging, top-of-the-world Rocca Ridge, a 19.5km circuit.