Brugmansia: planting and care, growing from seeds, reproduction
Brugmansia is a plant from the Solanaceae family. It has often been confused with Datura due to their obvious similarities. However, dope are herbaceous plants, and brugmansia grows with a bush or tree, which is why it was bred into a separate genus.
Because of the fragrant flowers that resemble large gramophone in shape, brugmansia is called golden dope or angelic trumpet.
Aborigines from the natural habitats of this plant use it to treat many diseases, but official medicine considers the side effects from the use of brugmansia too dangerous.
We will tell you:
- how to grow brugmansia;
- how to care for her;
- how to propagate a plant
and introduce you to different types of this culture.
Planting and caring for brugmansia
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings from January to March, seedlings are planted in the ground in early summer.
- Bloom: from July to December.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: drained, moist, neutral or slightly alkaline.
- Temperature: in summer it is common for the garden, in winter indoors it is 8-12 ˚C.
- Watering: in the garden - abundant, in winter indoors - moderate.
- Air humidity: requires spraying the leaves.
- Top dressing: from May to August, once a week with full mineral fertilizer, no additional fertilizing is needed in winter.
- Transfer: in the fall, before the first frost.
- Cropping: early to mid-March.
- Reproduction: seeds and cuttings.
- Pests: whiteflies, red spider mites, slugs and caterpillars.
- Diseases: gray rot.
- Properties: the plant contains very poisonous alkaloids, including atropine.
Read more about the cultivation of brugmansia below.
Plant brugmansia (lat.Brugmansia) belongs to the genus of the Solanaceae family, isolated from the genus Datura (dope), with representatives of which the flowers of brugmansia are similar. The genus includes six species of evergreen shrubs and small trees native to the subtropical foothills of South America. The name brugmansia was given in honor of the botanist from Holland Sebald Justinus Brugmans. The plant is sometimes called the "trumpets of the angel"
The brugmansia flower is thermophilic, therefore it is troublesome to grow it in our latitudes, but its abundant magnificent flowering and enchanting aroma are so amazing that many growers take up the cultivation and care of brugmansia and achieve success in this difficult business.
In height, the tree-like brugmansia can grow on average up to 5 meters, and if you do not have much free space in your garden, choose compact plant varieties (Culebra, Cordata Red). The leaves of brugmansia are large, whole-edged, oval, with pronounced veins and wavy edges, up to 50 cm in length. It is interesting that the leaves grow in two tiers: the first tier is elongated leaves with smooth edges, the second is smaller leaves, but with embossed edges. The tubular-bell-shaped fragrant flowers of brugmansia reach gigantic sizes - up to 20 cm in diameter and up to 50 cm in length.
There are varieties with simple flowers, and there are terry varieties of brugmansia and even varieties with two-tier flowers. The color of the flowers is varied - green, yellow, pink, peach, orange, red, cream, two- and three-color, and the flowers of the same plant may differ in color. In the middle lane, brugmansia is grown as a tub plant: in summer it grows in a large pot in the garden, and brugmansia prefers to spend winter at home.
Growing brugmansia from seeds
How to sow seeds
Reproduction of brugmansia is carried out by generative, that is, seed, and vegetative ways. For those who are interested in how to grow brugmansia from seeds, it is important to know that sowing is carried out from January to March in light soil to a depth of half a centimeter-centimeter, after sowing, the soil is moistened, covered with polyethylene or glass and kept at a temperature of 20-25 ºC and bright diffused light. Depending on how fresh the brugmansia seeds are, seedlings may appear on the tenth or fiftieth day.
When shoots appear, the film or glass can be removed. Seedlings are sprayed with warm water from a sprayer 2-3 times a day, but it is important to prevent waterlogging of the soil. When the seedlings produce the fifth leaf, they are transplanted into separate pots or cups. It should be recalled that brugmansia grown from seeds rarely retains the characteristics of the variety, while vegetative propagation methods give faster, and most importantly, more reliable results.
Planting brugmansia in a permanent pot is carried out when the roots of the plant entangle the entire earthen lump. The soil is preferable light, but fertile, for example: one part of loam, one part of compost or humus and two parts of peat - mix everything thoroughly and spill with a solution of pink potassium permanganate. The transplanting method is well known - the plant, together with an earthen lump, is transferred into a pot with a thick drainage layer. Brugmansia can also grow in the open field, but it will not survive our winters, therefore flower growers prefer growing this plant as a tub culture.
Despite the widespread opinion about the capricious nature, caring for brugmansia is not difficult, but you still have to fulfill certain requirements. A place in the garden for brugmansy needs a sunny, shaded at midday and protected from drafts. In the heat, it is advisable to spray brugmansia from time to time in the evening. Watering the plant in hot weather will have to be daily, but if the summer is wet and cloudy, then water so that the soil in the pot dries up between waterings.
As for fertilization, brugmansia has an excellent appetite, therefore, fertilizing with complex fertilizer is carried out weekly, and during the flowering period, potash and phosphorus components are additionally introduced. Pruning of brugmansia is carried out no later than mid-March: only damaged and diseased branches are removed, the rest are only shortened, but the Y-shaped shoots are not cut off, since it is on them that peduncles are subsequently formed.
Propagation of brugmansia by cuttings
Brugmansia reproduces not only by seeds, most often flower growers prefer propagation of brugmansia by cuttings. To do this, take annual shoots of a plant 15-25 cm long, having an apical growth point - such cuttings take root better and begin to bloom earlier. Cuttings of brugmansia are cut and rooted in late spring or early summer: the lower leaves are removed, placed in water with the addition of activated carbon and placed in a warm (at least 20 ºC) bright place. To prevent the leaves from withering, they are sprayed with warm water and covered with a plastic bottle.
After two weeks, the roots will appear, and when they grow up to 5 cm, the cuttings are transplanted into pots with a substrate of two parts of peat, one part of perlite and one part of sand. After two to three weeks, the cuttings will take root.
Brugmansia after flowering
In the fall, brugmansia, saving from unexpected frosts, is brought into the house. The signal for moving to the "winter apartments" is a decrease in the night temperature to 5-7 ºC. At home, brugmansia will smell and bloom until the New Year, or even longer. Sometimes the dormant period for a plant does not come at all, and flowering does not stop. But if you want to let the flower rest until next spring, you will have to create certain conditions for it: move it to a cool, spacious room, stop feeding and reduce watering.
There are two ways how to keep brugmansia in winter... You can leave it in a warm room by placing it near the window and maintaining the summer mode of watering, feeding and spraying, but at the same time you will have to arrange additional lighting for it on dark winter evenings, and then the brugmansia will continue to bloom, as it bloomed in summer in your garden. But not every house can accommodate such a large plant as brugmansia for the winter, so there is a second option: wintering in a dark, dry basement at a temperature of 5-8 ºC. In this case, watering should be rare, but sufficient so that the earth does not dry out.
The plant will most likely shed its leaves, but at the end of winter, new buds will begin to wake up on it, and you will transfer it to the light. The principle of keeping brugmansia in winter is as follows: the higher the temperature of the room in which the brugmansia is located, the more light will be required for the plant.
As already mentioned in the genus brugmansia there are six types:
Growing in nature up to 6 meters in height. Soft leaves are pubescent, flowers with a wide limb of all shades of yellow;
Fragrant Brugmansia (Brugmansia suaveolens)
Grows incredibly fast, strongly branches, the color of fragrant flowers is white with green veins, but pink in buds;
Brugmansia snow-white (Brugmansia candida)
A small tree with low-growing shoots. The oval leaves are velvety to the touch, the flowers are white, although there are varieties of apricot and yellow shades;
Brugmansia bloody (Brugmansia sanguinea)
Reaches a height of 12 meters, has bright orange flowers with yellow veins and a fiery red border. Of all the types of brugmansia, the bloody is the most cold-resistant, however, it is better for it to winter indoors;
Or brugmansia multicolored - this species has the longest flowers, reaching half a meter. The color of the tube is cream, the bend differs from the tube in color.
Any of these types can decorate your garden, especially since caring for brugmansia is not difficult. It remains only to find a spacious room for this beauty.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Solanaceae
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Shrub Information
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Flowering Shrubs Garden trees Solanaceous plants on B
Growing Feijoa - photo, planting in open ground and at home, care, reproduction
Today at sadzavodi.ru we will tell you about planting and caring for feijoa, propagation by cuttings, layering and seeds of this wonderful plant. In addition to being a decoration for your garden, feijoa has many health benefits.
Sowing and care
Homemade seeds can be sown in a flower bed in autumn or spring (in April) - Escholzia is frost-resistant. The seeds are small, so they are scattered over the surface of the earth, watered, together with the water they go into the ground. After the water has been absorbed, the ground is lightly pressed down. The grown seedlings are pulled, leaving a distance of 15-20 cm between the plants. Watering is moderate, deep roots independently provide moisture. Drought tolerant.
In order to save money, expensive seeds of hybrid varieties are rarely sown right away, in a container dug into the ground. It is not recommended to grow Echscholzia in a seedling way, its roots are long, transplantation is poorly tolerated.
It blooms in 1.5 months after planting, the duration of flowering of one bud is 4 days, a month after it has faded, a pod fruit with small black seeds appears. Ripe pods will crack and shed seeds. The next year they sprout by self-seeding, it remains only to thin out the plantings. Thus, the plant can be grown in one place for a long time.
Bean aphids can attack the leaves of escholzia in early summer; for prevention, plant thyme and lavender nearby. Excessive watering leads to decay of the roots, in which case the diseased bushes must be removed, stop watering and let the soil dry out. Sometimes the plant is affected by fungal and viral diseases that cause dwarfism and yellowing. There are no cures, radical measures are taken - the infected specimens are removed.
The commercially available nemesia refers to annual plants that can be grown from seedlings or sown directly into the ground.
Plants from seedlings will bloom faster. Seedlings are grown in early spring. Sowing seeds at home is carried out in April, in boxes. The seeds should germinate within 10 days. The optimum temperature for growing seedlings is 18 degrees Celsius.
When the seedlings release 2 leaves, they carry out a pick and transplant them in bundles of several pieces in one place, with an interval of several centimeters. In the second half of May, seedlings are planted in flower beds or balcony boxes.
When to plant nemesia outdoors?
May is the month when seeds can be sown directly into open ground. They can be sown in different locations in the garden or in rows. After the emergence of seedlings, they should be thinned out, removing excess, weaker shoots, leaving individual plants approximately every 15-20 cm. It should be noted that in numerous groups, nemesia looks most impressive.
Growing brugmansia from seeds
Planting a flower on a site from scratch is most often carried out using seeds.
- It is necessary to sow the material into containers from January to March. The soil in the containers should be loose and light.
- Immediately after sowing, the seeds are watered properly, trying not to wash them out of the ground, and then the container is closed with glass or film and placed in a warm, lighted room with a temperature of at least 25 degrees.
- After the seedlings appear in the container, the film will need to be removed and the seedlings should be regularly sprayed with a spray bottle.
- When each of the sprouts forms 5 leaves or more, the flower can be planted in separate pots and grown until it is transferred to the ground.
How brugmansia reproduces
You can propagate the culture by cuttings and seeds. The first method is more preferable, since young seedlings fully retain the species qualities of the mother plant. With seed reproduction, they bloom for the first time only for 3-4 years.
Brugmansia should be rooted in the spring during an active growing season. To do this, it is necessary to cut the apical cuttings 15-20 cm long. The lower leaves must be removed from them, leaving only at the top for sap flow. The cuttings should initially be placed in water and wait until they take root. This usually happens after 10-14 days. After that, plant them deep in the ground so that a full-fledged root system develops. It is possible to plant brugmansia seedlings in a permanent place when they are sufficiently strong.
Despite the magnificent appearance and the dizzying aroma of flowers, certain precautions must be taken when growing a shrub. Some people who hear the smell of brugmansia get headaches. That is why the shrub is prohibited for cultivation in some countries of the world. The toxins in the composition can cause hallucinations. This fact must be taken into account, especially if your family has children.
For all its beauty, remember that brugmansia is a poisonous plant, so be careful