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Julian grapes: characteristics, features of planting and cultivation

Julian grapes: characteristics, features of planting and cultivation


Today grapes are one of the most popular plants in our garden plots. The world list of varieties today already includes more than 20 thousand varieties of this beautiful plant, of which 3 thousand are grown in the CIS. One of the areas of breeding activity is the development of grape varieties with an early ripening period. The result of such scientific research was the emergence of the early maturing variety Julian.

The history of the cultivation of the Julian grape variety

The Yulian variety was bred in the Rostov region by the domestic breeder V.U Kaplyushny by crossing two popular varieties Kesha and Rizamat. It was from Kesha that he got his main advantage - the early ripening of the berries. And from Rizamata he inherited the sweet taste and shape of the bunch.

Description of the Julian grape variety

Julian is a table grape with an extremely early ripening period. From the moment of flowering to harvest, only 95 days pass. The bisexual flower does not require artificial pollination. One berry weighs about 20 g, a bunch of 800–1000 g, and under favorable conditions up to 2000 g. Fruits are finger-shaped, colored pink with a yellowish tinge. In extreme heat in the sun, the color of the berries becomes lighter. The skin is thin. The taste is sweet, harmonious with a light nutmeg aftertaste. Julian berries do not lose their presentation for a long time and tolerate transportation very well. Julian begins to bear fruit in the third year of life, and under favorable conditions, already in the second.

Video - Julian variety: description, harvest

Leaves are medium in size, heart-shaped. The shrub can withstand frosts down to -24 ° C, but still this variety feels best in regions with warm or temperate climates. It should not be forgotten that Julian, despite his frost resistance, requires shelter for the winter.

The appearance of the fruits of the Julian variety: photo gallery

Julian is slightly susceptible to peas. Resistance to fungal diseases, including mildew and mildew, is average.

Features of planting and cultivation of the Julian grape variety

First of all, it is worth taking seriously the choice of seedlings. High-quality planting material guarantees not only good survival rate, but also less susceptibility to various diseases. Julian is propagated with annual seedlings or with annual vine cuttings. But, if you have a choice, then it is better to give preference to the one-year-old seedling.

When choosing a planting material, first of all pay attention to the root system of the seedling. The more roots, the easier the grape will tolerate planting. Check if the roots are alive: ask the seller to cut one root. On the cut, it should be white. Gray or brown fragile roots are a sign of an already dead plant.

There should be no signs of any physical damage on the stem of the seedling. Make a small scratch on the bark with your fingernail, green living fibers should be visible under it, like at the roots, this indicates that the seedling is alive and ready for planting in open ground.

Now let's move on to examining the kidneys. The eyes should be firm to the touch. The scales should not peel off, much less fall off.

Today, grape seedlings are often found in stores, which are coated with a special protective wax. It reduces transpiration, which allows better preservation of the planting material. Also, this wax has a protective antiseptic effect. There is no need to try to remove it before or after planting, it does not interfere with the grapes taking root in any way.

If you have a choice, buy seedlings with a closed root system. They are not injured during the autumn digging and a priori have a higher survival rate. This applies not only to grapes, but in general to any culture that is propagated with planting material.

Preparing to disembark

Grape seedlings are planted in open ground in the fall before the first frost or in the spring before the start of sap flow.

First of all, dig holes 25 cm in diameter and about 45 cm deep. Mix the earth from the hole with sand and humus in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.

The roots of the seedling should not bend when planting. If they are too long, then it is better to cut them to the required size. Do not worry, this procedure will not harm the grapes, but trying to get the roots of the grapes to grow upwards significantly reduces the survival rate.

Algorithm for planting grape seedlings

  1. First of all, you need to take care of good drainage. The grapes do not tolerate excessive moisture. To do this, pour 10-15 cm of expanded clay, broken brick or crushed stone at the bottom of the hole.
  2. Sprinkle the drainage on top with the previously prepared soil mixture so that a small mound forms on it.
  3. Place the seedling in the hole. Gently spread the roots along the slopes of the mound. It is very important that the inoculation site is 1–1.5 cm above the ground.
  4. We fill the hole with earth, spill one bucket of water and tamp it. The root hairs are now firmly in contact with the soil particles.
  5. After all the moisture has been absorbed, it is necessary to add more soil and additionally compact the soil.
  6. Now the part of the seedling remaining above the ground is also covered with loose earth on top, forming a small mound.

Video: planting grapes in spring

Features of Julian's care

Julian grapes cannot be called whimsical. It winters well and has an average disease resistance. Nevertheless, when growing it, it is necessary to carry out classical agrotechnical measures. Caring for young Julian consists of regular (once a week) watering, weeding and mulching. It is also recommended to loosen the soil in the trunk circle to increase aeration of the root system. Apply fertilizers at the following frequency:

  1. In the spring, even before you remove your winter shelter, spill the following nutrient solution over the bushes. Add 20 g of superphosphate, 10 g of ammonium nitrate and 5 g of potassium salt to one bucket of water. Watering is carried out at the rate of 10 liters of solution per bush.
  2. Next time feed the plant with this mixture before flowering.
  3. But before fruiting, ammonium nitrate must be excluded from top dressing so that all the forces of the grapes are directed to fruiting, and not to build up the green mass.
  4. After the harvest is harvested, the grapes need to be fed with potassium. This will help the grapes survive the winter.
  5. Once every three years, you need to fertilize the soil with manure. The procedure is carried out in the spring. Spread the manure in an even layer and dig up the soil onto the bayonet of the shovel.

Diseases, methods of treatment and prevention

Most of the diseases that Julian suffers from are of fungal origin, that is, their pathogens are microscopic parasitic fungi.

The most common diseases of Julian: table

During the autumn harvesting in the garden, it is imperative to collect all the litter from the grapes and burn it, preferably outside the garden plot. Ripe foliage is the perfect cradle for fungal diseases.

The most common diseases of grapes in the photo

Drugs that allow you to fight diseases of a fungal nature are called fungicides. A wide range of such medicines is presented in stores today. However, from such a variety of drugs, it is not always possible to choose the most effective and safe option that is right for your garden. For this reason, copper sulfate, tried by generations of gardeners, remains the most widespread fungicide today.

Video: processing grapes with copper sulfate

Carry out the first processing of grapes with copper sulfate in the spring, even before bud break. For young plants, you will need a 0.5% solution: 50 g per 10 liters of water. Adult grapes will need a 1% solution. In autumn, after the foliage has fallen from grapes, it is re-processed: young grapes - 3% solution, adult plants - 5%.

First-hand reviews of the variety

There are 4 own-rooted shrubs in the planting. The growth force of everyone on our soil and in our conditions is above average, but no more. Resistant to mildew and ticks. During flowering, shedding of the ovary was observed, but mainly on large peduncles. I think it makes sense to pinch flower stalks, you need to experiment. But even what is left promises to be spectacular and large.

Planting of own-rooted cuttings on May 19, 2010 to date, the length of the increment is 1 m. No traces of mildew or oidium exposure were observed.

Hello!
Last season, Julian's buds were grafted onto the Original bush. This year the first fruiting. There are no questions about disease resistance to this form, everything is normal. The shoots are very strong, each had 2-3 inflorescences, and had to be rationed. Berries in a bunch everything is even now, without peas, but something has stopped in development at the moment. I mean that it clearly does not correspond to the stated ripening period of 95-100 days. With the same ripening period Super-extra, but it is already quite edible and the lower bunches almost ripe. And I didn't even dare to try Julian and the berry just started to soften ...
And what else seemed interesting to me: I constantly removed my stepchildren, but it so happened that I missed this procedure in the vineyard for one week. So decent stepchildren grew up on Juliana in an instant and they also had 2-3 inflorescences each, I left a few for the experiment ( two for each shoot) - nothing, some are pollinated, others are blooming, others are gathering. But the stepsons themselves do not stop in growth, but continue to grow actively, some by a meter, I tie up already. The power of growth of the shoots allows, on average, 4m. It looks like that this form will be with a continuous fruiting cycle until frost.

Julian grafted on Arcadia. The difference from the Transfiguration and YUN is still to your taste, Julian is sweeter on July 26

The main advantage of the Julian grape variety is its early ripening period. You will be harvesting in 95 days. Also, this variety is favorably distinguished by its resistance to diseases and excellent fruit taste.

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This hybrid variety was bred in the 80s of the last century by breeders of the Moldavian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking NPO Vielur by crossing the American table variety "Cardinal" with "Kishmish pink".

The grape varieties that served as parental forms: "Cardinal" (left) and "Kishmish pink" (right)

After successfully conducted state tests, in 2004 "Radiant Kishmish" was officially registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation and approved for cultivation in two regions: North Caucasus and Nizhnevolzhsky, where soil and climatic conditions allow the variety to maximize its potential. This kind of culture is highly appreciated by farmers and gardeners not only in its homeland - in Moldova, but also in Belarus, Ukraine and in our country: in the South Coast, in the Rostov region and the Krasnodar Territory.

Due to a number of advantages obtained from parental forms, "Radiant Kishmish" is actively used as a donor of valuable qualities, not only by professionals, but also by amateur breeders to develop new varieties of culture. Practical results of the work of the well-known enthusiast V.N.Krainov in collaboration with specialists from the All-Russian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking named after V.N. Ya. I. Potapenko "delight gardeners of many post-Soviet countries. The most popular descendants of "Radiant Kishmish" are: "Transfiguration", "Victor", "Anyuta" and "Nizina".

You can learn more about the peculiarities of the variety from a video shot by an experienced Ukrainian winegrower: //www.youtube.com/embed/a8STEd9uy4w?rel=0&fs=1&wmode=traparent


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