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How to grow a lotus in the country: a description of ways, wintering

How to grow a lotus in the country: a description of ways, wintering


Garden plants

The lotus is considered the oldest flowering plant. Its fragrant flowers have adorned reservoirs since the Mesozoic era. Karl Linnaeus was the first to describe this plant, placing it in the Waterlily family, with whose representatives the lotus has a certain similarity, but after a while M. Adamson managed to convince scientists of the uniqueness of the plant, and since then the lotus is the only representative of the Lotus family.

Botanical description

Of the three varieties of lotus on the territory of Russia, only one grows - the nut-bearing lotus, but in each area it is called in its own way: in the Far East - the Komarov lotus, and on the Volga - the Caspian lotus.

Lotus is an amphibious perennial plant.

The lotus root develops in the ground under water, and the stem brings the flower to the surface. Some of the scaly leaves are under water. Emergent leaves float on the surface or rise above it. The floating leaves are round, dense and flat, and the towering ones are funnel-shaped, huge, sometimes reaching 70 cm in diameter. The leaves are covered with a dense waxy coating, giving the water drops a pearl effect. Lotus flowers reach a diameter of 30 centimeters or more and consist of numerous petals raised above the water surface. The receptacle has an area that reacts to sunlight, so it seems that the flower changes its position depending on the position of the luminary.

In the photo: Blooming lotus

The lotus fruits, from which a new plant can be grown, look like a nut and are formed in the depths of the receptacle. These nuts can survive for up to a thousand years! There are cases when lotus fruits sprout after two hundred years of storage. But the rhizome of the lotus will die if the reservoir freezes through along with the soil.

How to grow a lotus in the country

Growing methods

Enthusiasm is the engine of progress, and if you are determined to grow a lotus in the country, do it. For reproduction of the lotus, both seeds (nuts) and parts of the rhizome of the plant are used. The rhizome is divided in the spring, just before planting, and it is better to germinate the nuts before sowing. By the way, breeders have already developed lotus cultivars, the seedlings of which can be purchased in specialized stores by prior order.

In the photo: Lotus testes

Before germinating a nut, it is necessary to scarify it, that is, damage its hard shell with sandpaper, a file or a nail file. Then the nut is placed in a container of water and placed under sunlight. After a few days, the shell of the nut will burst, leaves will begin to form, and then the root. A lotus seedling or part of the rhizome, if it was divided for planting, is planted in the ground in a reservoir or in a container that is placed at the bottom of the reservoir. The water in the container must be warm. In order for young leaves to reach the surface, the required water level must be maintained.

Lotus pond in the country

For further cultivation of the lotus, you can equip a pond on the site, creating conditions for the plant as close to natural as possible, launch tadpoles there from local reservoirs and plant local plants. To do this, you need to dig a hole about 1 m deep, close the bottom and sides of the hole with a special film for ponds, put a layer of gravel and a layer of humus on the bottom. Lotus seedlings can be buried with roots in the ground or placed on the bottom right in the container.

Photo: Growing a lotus in an aquarium

Wintering lotus

With the onset of autumn, the water from the reservoir should be pumped out, then the wet soil is covered with a covering material, and the bowl of the pond is filled to the brim with dry leaves or other plant residues, on top of which wooden or slate shields are laid. When the snow falls, it is thrown onto the shields. Under such a reliable shelter, the plants in the pond overwinter well.

How to grow a pistia - an aquarium plant

It should be noted that among many peoples the lotus is considered a sacred plant. Its decorative qualities, its ability to provide food and react to sunlight have given rise to many legends and stories. The lotus is deified, worshiped. Most likely, it is precisely because of the mystical veil that has haunted the lotus for centuries that the number of amateur gardeners who want to grow it in their dacha is growing. However, the beauty and uniqueness of this plant cannot be denied even by inveterate skeptics.

Literature

  1. Information about Garden Plants
  2. Information on Perennial Plants

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Flowering Ornamental deciduous Lotus For reservoirs


How to grow gladioli from children: important nuances

Reproduction of gladioli by daughter corms has always been of interest to gardeners, from the first years of cultivation in culture to the present day. Nowadays, many admirers of these magnificent flowers are faced with the fact that the annual purchase of planting material is an expensive hobby. In addition, the order received often brings disappointment instead of joy: baby corms are small, with signs of disease or mechanically damaged. After blooming, it turns out that out of the entire package, only one corm corresponds to the ordered variety.


Gladiolus is one of the most beautiful and widespread flower crops

Naturally, there is an irresistible desire to multiply the variety you like with your own hands, and in such a volume that it would be enough to decorate your summer cottage and could be shared with family and friends. The conclusion suggests itself - you will have to learn how to work with children of gladioli. The task is not easy, but doable. The main thing is to study the theory properly and only then move on to practice. Let's get started?


Landing

Prepare a planting pit 1 x 1 m or larger. Loosen the soil at the bottom. Planting and transplanting of young seedlings is carried out in fertilized nutrient soil. For this, a soil mixture is made from turf near peat, sand and leafy earth. If the soil is too heavy or waterlogged, add a layer of rubble.

Place the garter support in the pit, then the sapling. After the soil is backfilled, a small roller is formed from the remaining soil around the trunk circle to retain water. Water the tree liberally. Secure it to the support.


How to plant bamboo in the country

Its further development largely depends on the correctness of the planting of the seedling.

What kind of soil does bamboo need

According to existing recommendations, the most favorable soil for growing a plant is black soil. It is important that the soil has a loose structure, which allows moisture and oxygen to pass quickly in the required amount.

How to sprout bamboo

For germination of bamboo, it is necessary to take seeds with a high percentage of germination (at least 96%). Further, the seeds are spread on a damp cloth and wait until the seeds sprout. When the sprouts reach a length of 3-5 mm., They are transplanted into previously prepared containers with fertile soil in order to root the sprout and get a full-fledged seedling.

Choosing a place on the site

In order for bamboo to develop rapidly in the country, it is necessary to choose a place protected from direct sunlight and sufficiently fertile soil. It is desirable that the groundwater is located at a sufficient depth. In addition, it is necessary that a small amount of weed vegetation grows in the selected area.

Landing

After choosing a site, we proceed to planting bamboo. First of all, you need to start preparing the planting pit, which should have a width of 35-40 and a depth of 25-30 cm. To prevent the root system from growing, a special limiter is placed in the pit. 1-2 kg are added to the bottom of the dug hole. well-rotted manure and pour 10-13 liters. water. After absorbing water, the seedling is placed in the center of the pit and covered with fertile soil. After completing the planting, the young seedling is watered abundantly with 17-20 liters. water.


Optimal disembarkation time

The right time to plant a crop outdoors varies by region. The procedure is carried out after the end of the frost. It is necessary that the soil warms up to 20 degrees and the air temperature also stabilizes. In many regions of the country, such conditions appear at the end of May. In some places, planting is carried out in early June.

As for sowing seeds for seedlings, this is done at the end of February. You can postpone the procedure to the beginning of March. At home, creating the environment necessary for the full growth and development of flowers is also easy.


Where and how to plant gladioli

Landing place: for children of gladioli, a well-lit and wind-protected area with fertile structured neutral soil is chosen. Their best development will be on light sandy, fertilized at the end of the previous growing season. Ideally, the site should be either newly developed or fallowing. You should not give the children places where gladioli, other bulbous, as well as tomatoes and potatoes used to grow. Try to exclude the proximity to crops that are strongly affected by fungal diseases and are damaged by pests, do not allow the growth of weeds.


Planting gladioli corms in spring

Landing time: when the soil at a depth of 10 cm warms up to +10. + 15 ° С, you can start planting. Usually it is held from late April to mid-May, sometimes the term is extended until June 15.

Preparing baby corms: 1-2 days before disembarkation, they are freed from scales, in which pathogens and pests can lurk. Then the treatment is carried out: there are many methods and means, starting with fungicides and ending with a solution of potassium permanganate and an infusion of garlic. You can also use the well-proven method of Gennady Raspopov.


Processing before disembarkation

Landing scheme: to a depth of 3-5 cm, in rows, keeping the distance between the corms
the first year - 10-15 cm, the second and third years - 20-25 cm.


Growing chamomile garden

Chamomile is an unpretentious plant. The only thing that matters to her is the sun. Most of all, she loves open sunny areas, where the flowers are larger and elongated upward. If you plant a daisy in the shade, then the peduncle will be high, the inflorescence is small, and the flowering is sparse.

With a beautiful flowering, the daisy will thank its owner for the fertile soil, periodic loosening (if there is no mulch and a soil crust appears) and good watering. That is, for general care without any particular hassle. The land should not be allowed to dry out, since the plant does not tolerate drought well. Watering should be done in a timely manner, but in moderation, so that there is no excess moisture. A large amount of water can provoke the development of fungal diseases.

It is advisable to plant these flowers in a nutrient layer of soil (up to 30 cm), created with the help of organic fertilizers - compost, ripe manure. The optimal distance between seedlings is 35-40 cm.

Daisies are optimistic flowers that can cheer you up. By planting them in your garden, you will bring only positive things into it. We hope you were interested in learning about the different types of garden chamomiles, and now you know the basic requirements for growing a daisy (decorative chamomile).


Watch the video: Winterizing Water plants in NE US